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Discovering Peru: A Journey of Wonders

Peru, a land of ancient wonders and vibrant culture, offers a treasure trove of experiences for travelers. Among the many incredible activities to enjoy, the Inca Trail hike stands out as a must-do adventure. But the beauty of Peru doesn’t stop there; it’s a country that beckons with history, diverse landscapes, rich traditions, and tantalizing cuisine. 

In this extended guide, we’ll delve deep into the heart of Peru, exploring the best things to do in this captivating South American destination.

Key Takeaways

  • Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, is an archaeological masterpiece perched high in the Andes
  • Peruvian cuisine is a delightful fusion of flavors influenced by indigenous, European, and Asian traditions
  • Peru is not just about history and culture; it’s also a country of breathtaking natural beauty

The Inca Trail Hike: A Legendary Journey

inca path in peru trail

The Inca Trail is one of the world’s most iconic treks, a four-day, three-night adventure through the heart of the Andes Mountains. This hike takes you on a 26-mile journey along ancient Inca stone paths, through lush cloud forests, and past awe-inspiring ruins, all leading to the grand finale: Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, is an archaeological masterpiece perched high in the Andes. Its breathtaking beauty and the aura of mystery surrounding its construction have made it one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. The Inca Trail is not just a trek; it’s a transformative experience that brings you closer to history, nature, and your own limits. With proper planning and guided tours, it’s a challenging yet rewarding adventure.

Explore Charming Cusco: Gateway to History

Cuzco city view

Cusco, the historic capital of the Inca Empire, serves as the gateway for many travelers exploring Peru’s ancient wonders. This charming city is a fascinating blend of Inca and colonial Spanish architecture. As you wander through its cobblestone streets, you’ll be greeted by impressive structures, such as the awe-inspiring Sacsayhuaman fortress.

In addition to exploring the city itself, Cusco is the ideal base for excursions to nearby archaeological sites, including the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Here, you can visit the ancient town of Ollantaytambo, Pisac’s ruins and market, and the serene Maras salt mines. Don’t forget to explore the historic streets, art galleries, and vibrant markets for local crafts and textiles.

Savor Delectable Peruvian Cuisine: A Gastronomic Delight

ceviche peru

Peruvian food is a delightful fusion of flavors influenced by indigenous, European, and Asian traditions. It’s a culinary journey that should not be missed during your visit. Some of the must-try dishes include:


Peru’s national dish, fresh fish or seafood marinated in lime or lemon juice, often accompanied by onions, cilantro, and aji (Peruvian chili pepper).

Lomo Saltado

A tantalizing stir-fry dish that combines marinated strips of beef, tomatoes, onions, and French fries, served over rice.

Pisco Sour

Peru’s iconic cocktail, made from pisco (a grape brandy), lime juice, simple syrup, and egg white, creating a frothy, tangy delight.


Grilled skewers of marinated, tender beef heart, a popular street food.

Discover the Mysterious Nazca Lines: Aerial Enigmas

overhead view of nazca lines in peru

South of Lima, in the arid Peruvian desert, you’ll find one of the most enigmatic mysteries of the ancient world, the Nazca Lines. These giant geoglyphs depict various animals, plants, and geometric shapes etched into the desert floor. Created by the Nazca civilization over 2,000 years ago, these massive drawings, some of which span hundreds of feet, have puzzled experts for decades.

The best way to appreciate these intricate designs is from the air. Taking a scenic flight over the Nazca Lines offers an unforgettable perspective on these puzzling works of art. While theories abound regarding their purpose, visiting the Nazca Lines is an adventure in unraveling an ancient riddle.

Vibrant Markets of Pisac: A Shopper's Paradise

cusco peru market

Pisac, a picturesque town in the Sacred Valley, is renowned for its bustling markets. Here, you can shop for colorful textiles, intricate jewelry, and handcrafted souvenirs. The market is a great place to engage with local artisans, many of whom are descendants of the Incas, and immerse yourself in the Andean way of life.

Besides the market, Pisac boasts impressive Inca ruins that overlook the town. The hike to these ruins offers fantastic views of the surrounding landscape. It’s an opportunity to connect with the history of the area while enjoying the natural beauty of the Andes.

Embrace Andean Traditions: A Cultural Journey

puerto maldonado experience peru

Peru’s rich cultural heritage is alive in its many festivals and traditions. Throughout the year, the country comes alive with vibrant celebrations, parades, and rituals that offer an authentic taste of local life and customs.

Inti Raymi

Celebrated on June 24th in Cusco, Inti Raymi is the Festival of the Sun, a reenactment of an Inca religious ceremony. It’s a grand event with colorful costumes and a mesmerizing procession.


Celebrated in February or March, Carnival is a lively festival featuring water fights, colorful parades, and traditional dances in various regions of Peru.

Fiestas Patrias

Held in late July, this two-day celebration marks Peru‘s independence with fireworks, parades, and cultural events.

Semana Santa

Holy Week is observed with elaborate processions, particularly in Cusco and Ayacucho, where traditional religious rituals are at their most spectacular.

Immerse in the Beauty of Nature: Diverse Landscapes

amazon jungle

Peru is not just about history and culture; it’s also a country of breathtaking natural beauty. From the Amazon Rainforest in the east to the Pacific Coast in the west, you’ll find diverse landscapes that cater to various interests:

Amazon Rainforest

Take a journey into one of the world’s most biodiverse regions. Explore the Amazon Basin, spot exotic wildlife, and learn about indigenous communities.

Lake Titicaca

The world’s highest navigable lake is a place of incredible beauty, where you can visit the floating Uros Islands and Taquile Island for a taste of traditional Andean life.

Huacachina Oasis

This desert oasis, surrounded by towering sand dunes, is a paradise for adventure seekers. Try sandboarding or hop on a dune buggy for an adrenaline-pumping experience.

Colca Canyon

Twice as deep as the Grand Canyon, Colca Canyon offers spectacular views, hot springs, and the chance to spot Andean condors.

Delve into History: Ancient Ruins

Ollantaytambo, Peru ruins jungle trek

Peru is rich in archaeological sites that provide insights into its ancient civilizations. In addition to Machu Picchu, you can explore:


This well-preserved Inca town offers a glimpse into the urban planning of the Inca Empire.


These circular agricultural terraces were used by the Incas for experimental farming and are a fascinating architectural feat.


Often dubbed the “sister city” of Machu Picchu, Choquequirao is a challenging trek with ruins similar in design to its more famous counterpart.

Chan Chan

This massive adobe city was once the capital of the Chimu Empire and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Peru is a destination that promises unforgettable memories, whether you’re hiking the Inca Trail, exploring ancient ruins, indulging in mouthwatering cuisine, or immersing yourself in the country’s rich traditions. With its diverse landscapes, a wealth of historical treasures, and a vibrant cultural tapestry, Peru truly is a land of endless wonders. 

Whether you’re a history buff, a nature enthusiast, a foodie, or a culture lover, this South American gem has something to offer everyone. So, pack your bags, embark on your own journey of discovery, and prepare to be enchanted by the magic of Peru.